Harrison Birtwistle (1934 - 2022)
"Birtwistle is a towering figure in British music. His language, though complex and modernistic, is distinctive and exhilarating"
Anthony Tommasini, New York Times
"A great original ... one of the most gifted composers of his generation"
Harrison Birtwistle was born in Accrington in 1934 and studied clarinet and composition at the Royal Manchester College of Music. In 1960 he sold his clarinets to devote his efforts to composition, and travelled to Princeton as a Harkness Fellow where he completed the opera Punch and Judy. This work, together with Verses for Ensembles and The Triumph of Time, firmly established Birtwistle as a leading voice in British music.
The decade from 1973 to 1984 was dominated by his monumental lyric tragedy The Mask of Orpheus, and by the series of remarkable ensemble scores: Secret Theatre, Silbury Air, Carmen Arcadiae Mechanicae Perpetuum and agm.
Important large-scale compositions are the operas The Minotaur, Gawain, The Second Mrs Kong and The Last Supper, the concertos Panic, Antiphonies and Concerto for Violin and Orchestra, as well as the orchestral scores Earth Dances, Exody and The Shadow of Night. Other major works include Theseus Game for large ensemble and two conductors, Neruda Madrigales for chorus and instruments, Angel Fighter and In Broken Images. Smaller-scale pieces include Pulse Shadows, the cycle of piano works Harrison’s Clocks, Orpheus Elegies for oboe, harp and countertenor, stage works The Corridor, The Io Passion, Tree of Strings for string quartet, The Moth Requiem for female voices and instruments and Songs from the Same Earth for tenor and piano.
The music of Birtwistle has attracted international conductors including Stefan Asbury, David Atherton, Pierre Boulez, Daniel Barenboim, Nicholas Collon, Christoph von Dohnányi, Peter Eötvös, Edward Gardner, Elgar Howarth, Daniel Harding, Vladimir Jurowski, Oliver Knussen, Ingo Metzmacher, Sir Antonio Pappano, Sir Simon Rattle, David Robertson, Robin Ticciati, Franz Welser-Möst, and Ryan Wigglesworth. He has received commissions from leading performing organizations, and his music has been featured in major festivals and concert series in Europe, the USA and Japan. Birtwistle has received many honours including the 1986 Grawemeyer Award, the Chévalier des Arts et des Lettres (1986), a British knighthood (1988), the Siemens Prize (1995) and the Wihuri Sibelius prize for music (2015). He was made Companion of Honour in 2001. Recordings of his music are available on the Decca, Deutsche Grammophon, Teldec, Signum, NMC, CPO and ECM labels.
Works premiered in recent years include his music theatre work The Corridor which opened the Aldeburgh Festival and toured to the Southbank Centre and the Bregenz Festival, with further performances in New York and Amsterdam. Birtwistle’s violin concerto for Christian Tetzlaff was premiered by the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 2011, followed by performances at the BBC Proms, Tokyo Composium and Salzburg Festival. Birtwistle’s 80th birthday year in 2014 saw the premiere of Responses for piano and orchestra, touring internationally with Pierre-Laurent Aimard as soloist, conducted by Vladimir Jurowski, and 2015 brought a new music theatre work The Cure performed in a double-bill with The Corridor at the Aldeburgh Festival and the Royal Opera House in London. Deep Time for orchestra, commissioned by the Berlin Staatsoper and BBC Radio 3, received first performances in 2017 conducted by Daniel Barenboim in Berlin and at the BBC Proms. Smaller-scale works include Intrada for piano and percussion, a duo for Colin Currie and Nicolas Hodges (2015), Keyboard Engine, construction for two pianos commissioned for Pierre-Laurent Aimard and Tamara Stefanovich (2017), Duet for Eight Strings for the Nash Ensemble (2018), ...when falling asleep for Birmingham Contemporary Music Group (2019), ….old Man Asleep for the Reina Sofia School of Music (2020) .
He passed away at his home in Wiltshire, in April 2022 at the age of 87.
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Selected reviews of works by Sir Harrison Birtwistle
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Obituaries and Tributes following the death of Sir Harrison Birtwistle in April 2022
Articles about Harrison Birtwistle 2019
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Articles about Harrison Birtwistle 2013
Articles about Harrison Birtwistle 2011- 2012
Harrison Birtwistle Discography
Harrison Birtwistle List of Compositions
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